Top MongoDB Alternatives Features, Pros and Cons

There are advantages and disadvantages to both MariaDB and PostgreSQL. Ultimately, choosing the right database for your system requires careful consideration of the needs of your system and a full understanding of how a given database can fulfill those needs. MariaDB allows data type flexibility when it comes to insertions and updates where it converts the data to the correct type. This can be advantageous, but more care is required by the application to make sure the data conforms to the schema. MariaDB’s support of master-master replication is great for applications that require high availability and low latency. Partial indexes are useful for recently inserted or frequently queried data.

This project revolves heavily around realtime and due to the realtime requirements, blocking during database access is not acceptable. PostgreSQL is responsible for nearly all data storage, validation and integrity. We leverage constraints, functions and custom extensions to ensure we have only one source of truth for our data access rules and that those rules live as close to the data as possible. Call us crazy, but ORMs only lead to ruin and despair. It has advanced security features like database file protection, user authentication, etc. PostgreSQL has Multi-Version Concurrency Control which enables multiple users to work on a PostgreSQL database simultaneously.

PostgreSQL uses a technology known as Multiversion Concurrency Control or MVCC for maintaining data consistency during concurrent access of data. This technology is superior to just using locks for concurrency as it minimizes lock contention in multi-user environments thereby significantly improving performance. For backward compatibility or applications which want the classic lock technology, PostgreSQL also allows table and row locking technologies to provide concurrency. On the contrary, MySQL only supports MVCC in InnoDB instances. PostgreSQL is an open-source, enterprise-class RDBMS that supports both SQL for relational querying and non-relational querying via JSON. Regarding compatibility with other dataset types, Redis lags behind.

All in one, it significantly accelerates the processing of vast amounts of data. This DBMS is popular with financial institutions and telecommunication systems. Relational databases show great performance with intensive read/write operations on small to medium datasets.

Pros and Cons PostgreSQL

You seem to imply that Postgres isn’t stable when in the fact the very opposite is true. Postgres is one of, if not the, most safe and stable relation database systems to ever exist. The fact that they keep adding or improving features does not take away from this, it only means that you have the option to upgrade if you want the new features. FWIW, I’ve spent the last few years fixing performance problems in PostgreSQL databases. You shouldn’t be doing any CPU intensive calculations in the database if you can avoid it, definitely. But these postgresql features are often about improved efficiency.

Both are mature, open source relational database management servers . MariaDB is over a decade old and PostgreSQL is over 22 years old. PostgreSQL is the more mature of the two offerings, is offered on more platforms, and includes additional APIs and access methods. One of the prime issues in today’s world is businesses have to work with both structured as well as unstructured data and thus they want to implement something that is really helpful in this matter. This is one of the leading reasons why some non-relational databases such as MongoDB are gaining a lot of popularity. They are actually capable to cater all the needs of novel applications and thus ensure reliability in the businesses.

There are many implementations of database systems that are either based on a fork of PostgreSQL, or which claim to be compatible with the PostgreSQL ecosystem of drivers. This is particularly true of the many PostgreSQL-compatible fully-managed DBaaS services. This is not surprising, due to the phenomenal popularity of PostgreSQL and its well-known shortcomings.

Data Integrity

Apart from having several enterprise features, another major differentiation between MySQL and SQLite is MySQL’s support for multi-user features. This, along with the enterprise features and scalability, makes it a perfect candidate for distributed applications. It generally stores its data in structures that don’t have similar structures. Related data or information is generally stored together. This is because it offers quick access to the query language. Users are always free to build and maintain records and for this, there is no need to define the structure.

  • Both can be backed up to recover when they falling over.
  • For those beginners who have to operate heavy data sets, working with query optimization and performance tuning may be problematic.
  • MySQL offers one-way asynchronous replication where one database is considered as a dominant one while others are minor.
  • EDB Postgres operator, which is a fork based on CloudNative PG. The Enterprise version has some additional features, for example, support for Red Hat OpenShift.
  • I would like to merge those two products so that there is a certain amount of functionality in a single product.

You also can extend its functionality with plugins that are available at MySQL via 3rd parties only. MariaDB is shipped with storage engines for NoSQL backend, legacy databases migration tools, sharding options, and many more. This is one of the most popular relational database systems. Originally an open-source solution, MySQL now is owned by Oracle Corporation. Today, MySQL is a pillar of LAMP application software. That means it’s a part of Linux, Apache, MySQL, and Perl/PHP/Python stack.

Pros of MySQL

IoT application and microservice architecture that tend to scale its data hosting will summarize our list of best use cases with Redis. Postgres is completely open-source and supported by its community, which strengthens it as a complete ecosystem. Additionally, developers can always expect free and prompt community assistance. Though the Oracle database has free editions, they are very limited in terms of functionality. Standard Edition, which doesn’t include all available features, costs $17,500 per unit.

Pros and Cons PostgreSQL

It’s useful for comparing full stacks, but the queries used are very basic, and most of the update benchmarks don’t use transactions or locking. Btw, if you want to work with mysql you might want to use mysql workbench instead of phpmyadmin. Was actually kinda of surprised after using SQL server for years then looking at Pg that it didn’t have IOT at all.

Get Support for Your Open Source Data Stack

FB is changing storage engines in MySQL right now; they have the resources to completely move away from MySQL if there was a compelling reason. Your statement of “If they had it to do over again I think that no one at Facebook would select MySQL at this time” is completely incorrect. To say that Facebook uses MySQL is a bit of a misnomer. Please don’t use it as an example of why someone should consider MySQL, as there is almost no way anyone else is going to be using it in a similar fashion.

Pros and Cons PostgreSQL

The Postgre structured query language has many features that we could find in other databases. MySQL is one of the most popular databases for web-based applications. It’s freeware, but it is frequently updated with features and security improvements.


It is highly customizable since you can customize it by developing plugins to make the DBMS fit your requirements. Overall, it provides great performance, functionalities, and security and at the same time, it is also user-friendly. MariaDB supports sharding via the Spider storage engine and Galera Cluster, while PostgreSQL does not offer horizontal partitioning of tables across multiple servers. MariaDB offers the ability to store less frequently accessed data in a separate partition which can speed up queries. PostgreSQL does scale well vertically, but it does not scale horizontally as well as MariaDB.

And if you want to implement that to application changes it will make all of the changes to your application at once within a single transaction. Consider how much extra codes you need to write for error handling if you don’t have transactions. And if you need to write that error handling every time you write a program, you end up with a client-side library and probably going to need transaction labels. But why bother when you have a database that provides transactions.

Pros and Cons PostgreSQL

It is built on the IntelliJ IDEA tech stack and provides a fantastic multi-DBMS platform that has everything I need not only for Postgres but MSSQL and others. Check their changelog, but one example I’ve heard is that a simple 15 minutes upgrade to MariaDB improved performance for a particular query by a factor 5. Just read the official documentation, which is actually readable and good.

Cons of MySQL

I suspect it will depend a lot on what the largest PG users contribute back, in order to make it scale. That’s because InnoDB IS a key-value store, the physical on disk structure is such that rows are stored on disk by their primary key, and that’s how MySQL is designed. Postresql’s heap files are organized much differently, as such it performs worse in some cases like Uber’s. There’s a steeper learning curve to Postgres but once you have learned a few things you can easily guess the rest because it’s so consistent.

Over partition by …` query will do the job, but you are right that it will be not nearly as efficient as the native operation in a timeseries database. But you’re also making it sound like MySQL is easier to deal with than Postgres and I find that to be completely untrue. I can say with absolute certainty that the only people in the company who thought it was not a sad joke that we used MySQL down in the bottom layers of the stack were the people on the db team.

Disadvantages of PostgreSQL

As Microsoft creates a sustainable ecosystem with well-integrated services, the MSSQL here with its access to cloud and powerful data retrieval tools comes in handy. Oracle ensures decent customer support and provides comprehensive tech documentation across multiple resources. So, you’ll likely find solutions to any issues that appear.

Choosing a vendor and a solution – is an important technical decision, which might impact various business metrics in the future. Please start a discussion on the forum or contact our team directly. Today’s enterprise environment is multi-database by default. Percona can help companies run PostgreSQL, MySQL, and MongoDB databases workloads over Kubernetes in a comprehensive manner. Our Operator not only allows users to upgrade the database but also does it automatically and in a safe, zero-downtime way.

It can be integrated with mathematical software like Matlab and R. PostgreSQL supports geographic objects so you can use it for location-based services and geographic information systems. Blu Acceleration MongoDB vs PostgreSQL can make the most of available resources for enormous databases. Simplification is at the core, with new MongoDB capabilities enabling you to develop, iterate, test, and publish applications faster.

This article discussed the key differences and features of two of the most widely used RDBMS PostgreSQL and MySQL. Each has its set of unique features and drawbacks and excels in particular scenarios. MySQL is the most widely used database, according to the developer survey from ScaleGrid. MySQL is broadly utilized as a part of the LAMP stack of open-source programs that form many websites on the Internet, including Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. DreamFactory provides a complete API management solution for all of your systems, in one central location. Discover the advantage of managing and creating APIs with DreamFactory by signing up for a free 14-day trial.

Comparing Database Management Systems: MySQL, PostgreSQL, MSSQL Server, MongoDB, Elasticsearch, and others

And that’s despite MySQL being far less of a community-driven open source effort than PG. The layman administers MySQL through WordPress installs, cpanel, and phpmyadmin where nobody even runs a single query against the database by hand. The fact is, MySQL is significantly faster for simple CRUD applications which is really common in today’s REST and Microservice designs. Almost every one of the correctness and SQL standard flaws in MySQL is handled by the sqlmode flag. It allows users to choose correct behavior, but doesn’t suddenly break the millions of MySQL apps when they upgrade.

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